The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has charged four founders and seven promoters of Forsage, which it described as “a fraudulent crypto pyramid and Ponzi scheme.” The scheme allegedly raised more than $300 million from millions of retail investors worldwide, including in the U.S.
SEC Takes Action Against Forsage Crypto Scheme
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) announced Monday that it has “charged 11 individuals for their roles in creating and promoting Forsage, a fraudulent crypto pyramid and Ponzi scheme.” The securities regulator explained that the Forsage scheme raised more than $300 million from millions of retail investors worldwide, including in the U.S.
The 11 defendants are four Forsage founders, three U.S.-based promoters of the scheme, and “several members of the so-called Crypto Crusaders — the largest promotional group for the scheme that operated in the United States,” the SEC described. The founders were last known to be living in Russia, the Republic of Georgia, and Indonesia.
The securities watchdog detailed that Vladimir Okhotnikov, Jane Doe (aka Lola Ferrari), Mikhail Sergeev, and Sergey Maslakov launched the Forsage.io website in January 2020 to allow retail investors to enter into transactions via smart contracts on the Ethereum, Tron, and Binance blockchains.
However, Forsage investors earned profits by recruiting others into the scheme, the SEC said, noting that “Forsage also allegedly used assets from new investors to pay earlier investors in a typical Ponzi structure.”
Carolyn Welshhans, acting chief of the SEC’s Crypto Assets and Cyber Unit, commented:
As the complaint alleges, Forsage is a fraudulent pyramid scheme launched on a massive scale and aggressively marketed to investors.
Some regulators have tried to stop Forsage from operating in their jurisdictions. The Securities and Exchange Commission of the Philippines launched cease-and-desist actions against Forsage in September 2020 and the Montana Commissioner of Securities and Insurance took action against the scheme in March 2021. However, Forsage continued its operations, denying the allegations in Youtube videos.
The SEC charged the defendants “with violating the registration and anti-fraud provisions of the federal securities laws,” the regulator noted, adding that it “seeks injunctive relief, disgorgement, and civil penalties.”
Two of the promoters charged already agreed to settle the charges without admitting or denying the allegations. They will be required to pay disgorgement and civil penalties. Both settlements are subject to court approval.
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What do you think about the SEC taking action against Forsage’s founders and promoters? Let us know in the comments section below.
A student of Austrian Economics, Kevin found Bitcoin in 2011 and has been an evangelist ever since. His interests lie in Bitcoin security, open-source systems, network effects and the intersection between economics and cryptography.
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Bitcoin (BTC) Nearly Taps $25,000 Level For the First Time Since June
Bitcoin (BTC) is showing several bullish signs in the daily time frame but has yet to break out from a short-term corrective pattern.
Bitcoin has been moving upwards since reaching a long-term low of $17,622 on June 18. On July 19, it broke out from a long-term descending resistance line, which had been in place since the end of March.
On Aug. 11, BTC reached a local high of $24,918, which was the highest since June 12. However, it failed to sustain this increase and created a long upper wick in its daily candlestick (red icon).
If the upward movement continues, the closest resistance area would be found at $29,370. This target is the 0.382 Fib retracement resistance level.
An interesting reading comes from the daily RSI, which moved above 50 at the same time which the price broke out from the descending resistance line.
Since then, the RSI has created an ascending triangle (dashed), which is often considered a bullish pattern. The indicator is currently at 61, right at the resistance line of this pattern.
Therefore, a breakout above it would likely also cause the price to accelerate upwards.
Short-term BTC pattern
Despite the relative bullishness from the daily time frame, the six-hour chart shows that BTC has been trading inside an ascending parallel channel since the June 18 bottom. Such channels usually contain corrective patterns, meaning that an eventual breakdown from it would be expected.
Moreover, the price has created what resembles an even shorter-term double top (red icons), which is considered a bearish pattern made at the resistance line of the channel.
On Aug. 9 (green circle), the price rebounded from the midline of this channel and at a short-term ascending support line.
So, whether BTC breaks out from the channel or breaks down from the support line will likely determine the direction of the future trend.
Wave count analysis
The main wave count indicates that BTC is likely in wave three of a five-wave upward move (black). The sub-wave count is shown in yellow, and also suggests that the price is in wave three. So, this seems to be a 1-2/1-2 wave formation. If correct, it would mean that the upward move will accelerate in the near future.
In order for the count to remain correct, Bitcoin has to hold on above the slope of the original 1-2 (black).
The most likely long-term wave count is also bullish, aligning with the proposed short-term count.
For Be[in]Crypto’s previous Bitcoin (BTC) analysis, click here
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Binance recovers the majority of funds stolen from Curve Finance
Binance recovered and froze around $450,000 worth of the stolen assets, which is around 80 percent of the stolen funds.
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Crypto exchange Binance has recovered a big part of the funds from the recent hack that targeted the decentralized finance (DeFi) protocol Curve Finance.
In a tweet, Binance CEO Changpeng Zhao announced that the exchange has frozen and recovered $450,000 of the stolen assets, which is more than 80 percent of the stolen funds. According to Zhao, the hacker tried to send the funds to the exchange in various ways but was detected by Binance. The exchange is currently working to return the funds to their rightful owners.
The Curve Finance team detected the hack on Tuesday and alerted their users to refrain from using their website. An hour after the warning, the team announced that it was able to find and resolve the issue. However, the attackers were still able to hijack around $537,000 worth of USD Coin (USDC) before the issue was resolved.
According to experts from the blockchain analytics firm Elliptic, a hacker compromised the domain name system (DNS) of Curve Finance, which ended with malicious transactions getting signed. The experts told Cointelegraph that the funds were then sent to various exchanges and crypto mixers in an attempt to hide the trail. In the end, the funds were sent to Binance and were caught by its team.
This is not the first time this week that the good actors in the crypto community have worked to return stolen funds. On Monday, whitehat hackers and researchers returned an estimated $32.6 million worth of USDC, Tether (USDT) and other altcoins to Nomad, following the recent $190 million exploit.
The Curve Finance exploit is only one of the many attacks that happened in 2022. According to analytics firm Chainalysis, $2 billion worth of funds were drained because of cross-chain bridge hacks. This is 69% of the overall stolen amount in the year.
Institutional staking won’t take off unless asset lock-up solved: Coinbase CFO
Coinbase’s new institutional-focused staking product won’t be a “near-term phenomenon” while liquid staking is still being worked out.
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Institutional staking of crypto assets, including the post-Merge Ethereum, could become a “phenomenon” in the future, but not while their assets still need to be “locked up.”
Speaking during a Q2 earnings call on Tuesday, chief financial officer Alesia Haas noted that she didn’t expect their new exclusive institutional staking service, rolled out in Q2, to be a “near-term phenomenon” until a “truly liquid staking option” is available:
“This is the first time we had the products available. Previously, the way that institutions could have access to staking is via Coinbase Cloud […] But offering it as the delegated staking service similar to what we have for retail customers.”
However, Haas said it was still “early days” for their new staking service, adding they’ll likely only see a “real material impact” when they have created a liquid staking option for post-Merge Ethereum, also known as Eth2.
Liquid staking is the process of locking up funds to earn staking rewards, while still having access to the funds.
Haas explained that many financial institutions “don’t want their assets held indefinitely:”
“So when you stake ETH2 you are locking in your assets into Ethereum until the Merge and then some period after. For some institutions, that liquidity lock-up is not palatable to them. And so, while they may be interested in staking, they want to have staking on a liquid asset.”
Haas reaffirmed this issue is “something we are looking to solve,” and added that once this liquid staking is available for financial institutions that can pool in funds at higher proportions, “we’ll see the real material impact of institutional revenue.”
Investors and institutions have been able to access Coinbase’s delegated staking service through Coinbase Prime, which was first launched in Sep. 2021. The platform also offers other integrated services, such as access to a custody wallet with enhanced security, real-time crypto market data and analytics, and other crypto-native features like decentralized governance.
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