fbpx
Connect with us

Bit Coin

What happens if you lose or break your hardware crypto wallet?

Published

on

What happens if you lose or break your hardware crypto wallet?

Hardware cryptocurrency wallets are known for granting users full control of their crypto and providing more security, but such wallets are prone to risks such as theft, destruction or loss.

Does that mean that all your Bitcoin (BTC) is lost forever if your hardware wallet is lost, burned or stolen? Not at all.

There are a number of options to restore cryptocurrency for someone who has lost access to their hardware wallet. The only requirement to recover crypto assets, in that case, would be maintaining access to the private keys.

A private key is a cryptographic string of letters and numbers that allows users to access crypto assets as well as to complete transactions and receive crypto.

Most crypto wallets usually provide a private key in the mnemonic form of a recovery phrase, which contains a human-readable backup allowing users to recover private keys. The mnemonic form is typically enabled through BIP39, the most common standard used for generating seed phrases for crypto wallets.

Also referred to as a seed phrase, a BIP39 recovery phrase is basically a password consisting of 12 or 24 random words that are used to recover a cryptocurrency wallet. Crypto wallet platforms typically generate a seed phrase at the very beginning of setting up a wallet, instructing users to write it down on paper.

Not your keys, not your coins

According to executives at major hardware crypto wallet firms Ledger and Trezor, the safety of the recovery phrase is way more important than keeping the hardware wallet safe.

Keeping a private key safe is a guiding principle for the crypto community, embodied in the phrase: “Not your keys, not your coins.” The principle means that users are not really in control of their coins if they don’t own their private keys.

Both Ledger and Trezor wallets allow users to recover access to their wallets through a seed phrase by simply using another hardware wallet.

“A user could recover their wallet and funds on any of the other new Ledger wallets. Alternatively, they could also recover on a Trezor, SafePal or another hardware wallet device,” Ledger chief technology officer Charles Guillemet told Cointelegraph.

Users can also turn to software wallets to access their funds in case the hardware wallet was lost, stolen or destroyed. “If you lost your Trezor, but you still have your recovery seed, you can recover your funds through many hardware wallets and software wallets in the market,” Trezor chief information security officer Jan Andraščík said.

According to the Ledger and Trezor executives, the list of compatible software wallets includes platforms such as Electrum, Exodus, MetaMask, Samourai, Wasabi, Spot and others.

Threats to a backup phrase

As the safety of the recovery phrase is the top priority in maintaining access to a crypto wallet, one may be wondering how to best protect the seed phrase. 

“Preserving the seed is one of the most crucial topics in Bitcoin security,” Andraščík told Cointelegraph. He pointed out three main threats when it comes to BIP39 passwords: those caused by the user themselves, any type of natural or human-made disasters, or theft.

Loss of a recovery phase is very common: A wallet user could accidentally throw it out or just not understand the importance of it at the very beginning of setting up the wallet.

Related: Warning: Smartphone text prediction guesses crypto hodler’s seed phrase

Users could also choose the wrong place to keep their recovery phrase, with one common mistake of simply putting the phrase online. Crypto wallet users should never digitize their seed phrases in order to avoid unfortunate events such as hacking, Ledger’s Guillemet said, adding:

“It is paramount for users to secure the recovery phrase. It should be stored in a safe place and should not be digitized — in other words, don’t put your words in an email or a text file and don’t take photos.”

As such, most crypto wallets recommend their users simply write the seed phrase down on a piece of paper and store it in a safe place.

Tips to protect the recovery phrase

In order to ensure reliable protection for the recovery phrase, one may go further than just writing it down on paper.

Ledger and Trezor executives provide a number of recommendations for crypto wallet users to boost the protection of their seed phrases, including using fire-proof storing capsules or steel plates to engrave the recovery phrase.

Other sophisticated methods to protect a seed phrase also include distributing backups between several groups of people and locations such as family, a safe box at the bank, or a secret spot in the garden. One such method is known as Shamir Backup, allowing users to distribute their private keys into several parts that, together, are needed to recover the wallet.

While hardware wallet providers do their best to help users recover their assets in case they lose their wallets, there’s still nothing much they can do about losing a recovery phrase.

Related: Simple steps to keep your crypto safe

That is because the private key is designed to be held solely by the user of a noncustodial wallet, Trezor’s Andraščík said. He noted that the principle of noncustody and its security implications are completely against the idea of having some kind of “backup,” adding:

“If anyone has an opportunity to recover your Bitcoin, it means they have access to your Bitcoin, and you need to trust that these actors will always treat you with goodwill. We are getting rid of the need to trust, and rather, we encourage them to verify.”

“Ledger is also working to improve the user experience generally, removing the pain points without compromising security. That said, self-custody remains the DNA of blockchain and the DNA of Ledger. Users always remain in control,” Guillemet stated.

Go to Source

Bit Coin

Bitcoin Miner Sell-Offs Could Keep Prices Low, Says JP Morgan

Published

on

Bitcoin Miner Sell-Offs Could Keep Prices Low, Says JP Morgan

Strategists at JPMorgan Chase & Co. believe the current Bitcoin sell-off by miners could make it difficult for the price of the asset to bounce back, especially if the trend continues.

In a note released yesterday, they pointed out that publicly listed Bitcoin miners account for 20% of all reported Bitcoin sales in May and June. It’s likely that private miners are also selling at the same rate or even higher, given that they have limited access to the capital markets.

The massive sell-off is a sharp turn in the strategy that has mostly been about holding block rewards until the market conditions get better. But the drop in Bitcoin prices and its effect on miners’ profitability means many are now struggling to meet operating costs.

According to the strategists,

Offloading of Bitcoins by miners, in order to meet ongoing costs or to deliver, could continue into Q3 if their profitability fails to improve.

Already, it has likely “weighed on prices in May and June, though there is a risk that this pressure could continue.”

However, JP Morgan strategists point out that it’s not all gloomy. One silver lining is a drop in the cost of mining Bitcoin from around $18k – $20k earlier in the year to $15k this month. This is due to the drop in hash rate and mining difficulty over the past two weeks.

Meanwhile, the cost of production varies based on the size of the miner. According to Arcane Crypto, large miners spend around $8,000 to produce one Bitcoin. Meanwhile, Securitize Capital says the cost of production might be over $20k for some miners after adding overhead costs and interest rates.

Bitcoin Price 69% Away From ATH

Bitcoin price has declined by more than half compared to its value at the beginning of the year. It’s also down 69% from its all-time high as it hovers around the low 20k range in the last few weeks.

Several factors have pushed the crypto markets over the edge, including the crash of Terra’s ecosystem and the near-insolvency of crypto firms such as Celsius and 3AC. But the Fed hike in interest rates has been the primary factor behind the drop.

Almost every other niche in the space, like non-fungible tokens and decentralized finance, has reported losses too. With most miners also having debt obligations, selling their Bitcoin stash appears as the best course of action to stay afloat.

Disclaimer

All the information contained on our website is published in good faith and for general information purposes only. Any action the reader takes upon the information found on our website is strictly at their own risk.

Go to Source

Continue Reading

Bit Coin

Bitcoin Energy Consumption Declines as Miners Grapple With Falling Revenue

Published

on

Bitcoin Energy Consumption Declines as Miners Grapple With Falling Revenue

Bitcoin mining is no longer consuming as much energy as before, according to a Cambridge Bitcoin Electricity Consumption Index report, which shows a 25% decline in energy use since the start of the month.

Per the index, the current energy consumption of Bitcoin is 10.65 gigawatts, significantly lower than the 14.34-gigawatt on June 6. This means its annualized consumption is at 93.33 terawatt-hours, putting it below countries like Argentina and Norway in energy consumption.

At its peak, the BTC network needed 16.09 GW of power. The drop in the consumption from its record high of 150 terawatt-hours in May is likely due to the drop in mining hash rate. 

Bitcoin hash rate is the computing power needed to create a block on the Bitcoin network and has dropped to 199.225 exahash per second (EH/s) over the last two weeks. This came after the mining difficulty reached a record high of 231.428 EH/s on June 13. It has now dropped by almost 14% since then.

The index estimates the energy consumption by using a profitability threshold using “different types of mining equipment as the starting point.” 

With Bitcoin prices nosediving to below $20,000 this month, some miners have also gone offline as mining proved less profitable. This explains the consecutive drop in the consumption and hash rate.

Miners are Selling Their Bitcoin Holdings

Additionally, the drop in the price of Bitcoin has left several miners in a lurch as they struggle to sustain their operations. A recent report by Arcane research shows that publicly traded Bitcoin miners sold all the coins they mined in May.

This is usually against the strategy of most miners, which is to hold their Bitcoin for better market conditions. But with profitability nosediving and many miners struggling to generate a positive cash flow, they are selling their holdings. 

According to the report, many miners sold their Bitcoin to cover operational expenses and pay off debts. One of such is Bitfarms which decided to sell 3000 Bitcoin for $63 million to improve corporate liquidity.

Energy consumption of Bitcoin mining has been one of the major criticisms of the network and cryptocurrency industry. But recent research by Michel Khazzaka reveals that the traditional banking sector uses 56% more energy.

What do you think about this subject? Write to us and tell us!

Disclaimer

All the information contained on our website is published in good faith and for general information purposes only. Any action the reader takes upon the information found on our website is strictly at their own risk.

Go to Source

Continue Reading

Bit Coin

Coinbase to Offer Nano Bitcoin Futures Contracts via Third Party Brokerages

Published

on

Coinbase to Offer Nano Bitcoin Futures Contracts via Third Party Brokerages

Coinbase will list a derivatives product called the nano futures contract on Monday.

This will be the first product listed on the Coinbase Derivatives Exchange, offering investors the opportunity to buy a contract linked to the price of one-hundredth of a bitcoin. Customers can purchase the Nano futures contract through third-party brokerages. Customers will not be able to buy the nano futures contract from Coinbase directly until the exchange receives a license to operate as a futures commission merchant. The exchange first applied for the license on Sept. 16, 2021.

U.S. customers have a healthy appetite for crypto derivatives

Coinbase floated the idea of bringing derivatives to its U.S. customer base after purchasing derivatives exchange FairX in January this year.

Americans have long been trading derivative products on foreign exchanges, sinking their teeth into high-leverage products that U.S. exchanges have lacked, indicted by the volume of crypto derivative trades in December 2021 surpassing that of spot trading. Binance alone recorded $52.5 billion in derivative trade volume during the 24 hours ending Friday afternoon, compared to $12.7 billion in spot products. Coinbase enjoyed $1.7 million in spot trading during the same period.

It’s worth bearing in mind that the new nano futures contract will not offer leverage-type bets that drive volume on exchanges like Binance.

Challenges Coinbase faces

A report by Barron’s suggests that it would take a long time for derivatives products to generate significant income for the company.

The new Coinbase product will enter a market of established crypto derivative products, while the company battles cash flow problems.

In March, the CME Group announced micro futures contracts linked to one-tenth of the price of bitcoin and Ethereum.

To add pressure, Moody’s Investors Services recently reduced Coinbase’s guaranteed senior unsecured notes from Ba2 to Ba1, relegating its corporate debt to “junk” status, with the potential for future downgrades. Ba ratings are assigned by Moody’s to credit obligations containing speculative components, considered to be a serious credit risk. Moody’s cited Coinbase’s reduced revenue and cash flow due to the current crypto market downturn as reasons for the downgrade. Coinbase’s recent employee layoff did not count in its favor, with the rating agency still seeing threats to the company’s profitability.

Dan Dolev, a senior analyst at Mizuho, believes that the new product does not address the central issue of competitors offering zero trading fees, which would severely affect revenue if Coinbase were to compete.

Coinbase’s shares fell precipitously on May 3, 2022, from $130.15 to $62.71 at market close on Friday.

What do you think about this subject? Write to us and tell us!

Disclaimer

All the information contained on our website is published in good faith and for general information purposes only. Any action the reader takes upon the information found on our website is strictly at their own risk.

Go to Source

Continue Reading
Home | Latest News | Cryptocurrency | Bit Coin | What happens if you lose or break your hardware crypto wallet?
a

Market

Trending